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Indiya ta samar da Ayyukan Ellicott don Gudanar da ambaliyar ruwa da Aikin Port (1961)

Ingantawa da haɓaka ƙaramin kogi a Pananan tashoshin jiragen ruwa a Indiya, wanda zai iya tasiri ga ci gaban tattalin arzikin ƙasa gabaɗaya za a aiwatar da shi ta hanyar Ellicott dredges.

Biyu daga cikin wadannan rukunin, nau'ikan bututun mai mai inci 12 mai nauyin ingila mai karfin "DRAGON" na Ellicott, gwamnatin Jammu da Kashmir ta siya. Dole ne a sanya su a cikin aikin shawo kan ambaliyar a Kogin Jehlum.

Wannan hanyar ruwa, wacce ke ratsa kwarin Srinigar a Kashmir, tana ambaliya kusa da yankunan noma kowace shekara, tana wanke muhimman amfanin gona tare da mayar da mutane da yawa rashin gidajensu. Ambaliyar ta faru ne sakamakon dagawa, tsawon shekaru, matakin gadon kogi wanda ya sa Jehlum ya kasa iya sarrafa iyakar ruwan da ke kwarara a cikin sa a kowace bazara lokacin da dusar kankara da ke kewaye da Himalayas ke narkewa. Yanayin da yawa dauke da ƙarin ruwan dusar ƙanƙara da danshi daga tsaunukan da ke kusa zuwa cikin Jehlum sun ƙara dagula wannan yanayin.

An kammala tattaunawar kwantiragin ne daga wakilin Ellicott mai izini Blackwood Hodge (Indiya) Pvt. Ltd. da "DRAGONS," an kirkiresu ne a Indiya ta hannun lasisin Ellicott, The Hooghly Docking and Engineering Company of Howrah. An sanya su cikin aiki don faɗaɗawa da zurfafa tashar tashar jirgin ruwa mai nisan mil 17 zuwa faɗin gado na ƙafa 400-450 da zurfin kusan ƙafa 22 ƙasa da babban ruwan datum. Wannan hawan kogin, wanda aka kiyasta zai iya saukar da ruwan dusar ƙanƙan da ke cikin yanayi, zai haɗa da cire tsakanin yadudduka cubic yadudduka miliyan 8 zuwa 10, masu bambancin yanayi daga yashi mai kauri zuwa ƙaramar laka da ƙaramar tsakuwa.

Dukansu ramuka biyu yanzu suna aiki. Na farko ya fara aiki biyo bayan shagulgulan kwamishinoni da girmamawar kasancewar Firaminista Jawaharlal Nehru. Suna da zurfin zurfin kafa 26, matsakaicin fitarwa na kusan yadudduka cubic 250 a kowace awa kuma suna iya yin famfo ta cikin bututun da ya bambanta tsawonsu har zuwa ƙafa 3,000.

Hanya ta dredges, ta hanyar inshorar su ta hanyar kayan aikin su, ya zama da fa'ida ga isarwar su. Tun da yake babu hanyoyin sadarwa daga Pathankote zuwa wurin haƙawa a Buramulla, kusa da Srinigar, babban yankin Kashmir, ya zama dole a kawo su ta cikin manyan motoci sama da mil 300 na tsaunuka da hanyoyin hawa dutse. Ya kamata a yi la’akari da ƙuntatattun hanyoyi da gadoji a cikin babban nauyi da faɗi da nauyin motar. Koyaya, zane-zanen dredges 'ya ba da damar magance matsalolin sufuri da kuma kwashe masu hawan iyo zuwa tashar aikin cikin gamsarwa.

Oraramar Filin Jirgin ruwa

Babban ci gaba na biyu wanda ya shafi raƙuman ruwa na Ellicott shine haɓaka wasu Pananan ortsananan Tashoshin jiragen ruwa a gabashin gabashin Indiya da gabar yamma, amfaninsu ya taƙaita ta tarin tarin sandba da ke tofa albarkacin bakinsu. Don shawo kan waɗannan ƙuntatawa na kewayawa, an ba da umarnin Ellicott mai inci 22-inci mai sarrafa kansa, ruwa mai tafiya da ruwa mai ɗari-ɗari da bututun mai. Hakanan don samar da wani sashi a Indiya ta hanyar "Hooghly," an sanya hannu kan kwangilar don su kwanan nan tsakanin Ellicott da Ofishin Jakadancin Indiya a Washington.

Waɗannan rukunin guda biyu za su zama tushen rafin rami da Gwamnatin Indiya, Ma'aikatar Sufuri ta kafa kuma za su kasance a tashar jiragen ruwa na Bombay da Visakhaptnam. Saboda dredging da ake buƙata a cikin teku, a kan sandbars da hanyoyin shiga da aka fallasa an tsara su ta musamman don tafiya ta teku da kuma motsa kansu.

Orananan ortsan Tashoshin jiragen ruwa, tare da bakin tekun mil mil 3,000 na Indiya, suna ɗaukar miliyoyin tan na kaya kowace shekara gami da mahimman fitattun ƙarfe na ƙarfe, manganese, shayi, auduga, gishiri, bauxite, fata da mica. Ci gaba da aikin dredging don ba da izinin jiragen ruwa na isassun ƙira don shigar da tashar jiragen ruwa don ɗora kayan fitarwa yana da mahimmancin mahimmanci ga ci gaba da faɗaɗa kasuwancin India. Waɗannan raƙuman ruwa zasu ba da gudummawa ta hanyar abin duniya don cimma wannan manufar.

Labaran Labarai da Nazari