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Jirgin saman Fenet na ƙasar Venezuelan ya gina tattalin arziƙi

Source: Gwanin Duniya & Ginin Ruwa

Wataƙila ɗayan manyan misalai na lalata tasiri kai tsaye kan haɓakar tattalin arzikin ƙasa a cikin Venezuela. Dredging din shekara-shekara a Tafkin Maracaibo da kan Kogin Orinoco ya wuce mita miliyan 70 na cubic. Fiye da kashi 70% na kayan ƙasar Venezuela sun fito ne daga man da aka samo daga shiyyoyin da ke kwance ƙarƙashin Tafkin Maracaibo, don haka samar da cunkoson ababen hawa a cikin tankokin mai shiga da wajen Tafkin.

Instituto Nacional de Canalizaciones (INC) tana da nauyi, a matsayinta na hukuma ta gwamnati, ta injiniya da aiwatar da duk aikin haƙa da bincike da injiniyoyi game da tekun Venezuela da tashar jirgin ruwa, da tashar jiragen ruwa, da hanyoyin ruwa, da tafkuna. INC tana kula da nata jiragen ruwa da kwangila don ƙarin dredging daga contractan kwangila masu zaman kansu kamar yadda ya cancanta.

An kirkiro INC don gudanar da sabon shirin rami don zurfafa tashar tashar ruwa ta Mara Maracaibo daga matsakaicinta na ƙafafun 11 zuwa sabon zurfin ƙafafun 35. Kafin wannan kamfanoni masu zaman kansu da ke aiki a tafkin Maracaibo sun yi kwangila ga duk wani danshi.

Baya ga ci gaba da aikin kiyaye tashoshi a cikin tafkin Maracaibo, INC ta karɓi sabon yankin masana'antar a gabashin Tablazo Bay. A El Tablazo, Instituto Venezolano de Petroquimica (IVP) shine yake samar da wannan aikin-shirya wurin, samar da kayan aikin don wadatar kayan aiki da albarkatun ƙasa, kera docks da wuraren aikin gas wanda zai zama tushen dutsen na hadaddun. .

El Tablazo an bunkasa shi a matakai biyu. Jimlar saka hannun jari ga hadaddun ya kai dala biliyan 1.2.

Dredge ne aka gudanar da aikin dredging "Esequibo“, Wani Ellicott® Brand tsotsewa cutterhead 20-inch fitarwa dredger ginannen a cikin 1969 don INC.

Domin hanzarta kammala Tablazo Project, INC ta yanke shawarar siyan ƙarin dredge, naúrar 36 ″ (914mm) kuma ta ba Ellicott International na Baltimore umarnin. An ba da suna ga “Carabobo ”bayan shahararren yakin neman‘ yancin kan Venezuela. An jawo Carabobo zuwa wurin aikin Tablazo don farawa da kammala sakewa ga tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire. Ellicott ya ba da ƙungiyar ƙwararrun masanan huɗu don ganin Tablazo Project ta hanyar kuma don tabbatar da haɗuwa da tursasawa / azabtar da kwangilar su dangane da aikin dredge.

Babban abin sha'awa shine dakin gwaje-gwajen Hydraulic da kuma sikelin samfurin Mara Mara na Masai, wanda ke cikin garin Maracaibo tare da haɗin gwiwa tare da Babban Jami'ar Venezuela. Dukkanin ayyukan lalacewa a cikin tashar Maracaibo da aikin Tablazo ana la'akari da su a cikin samfurin hydraulic.

Wani aikin bincike a MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) da INC sun gudanar da shirin kimantawa na musamman a Laboratory Hydraulic akan wasu hanyoyin sarrafa tashar Maracaibo. Binciken, mai taken "Bincike na Field don Tabbatar da Maɓuɓɓugan Jini da Sarɓar Gishirin Cikin Maracaibo Estuary, Venezuela," ya mai da hankali ne kan tambayoyi da yawa game da ragargazar da ta gabata. Daga cikin aikace-aikacen samfurin hydraulic zuwa shirin dredging a Maracaibo akwai kimantawa da tasirin tarkacen kasa kamar Tablazo, halayyar ɓatarwa na yin silting cikin tashar daga amfani da haɓakar ɓarna a kan Zulia, da tasirin muhalli na canza kwararar ruwa ta hanyar gina magudanan ruwa ko wasu abubuwan jujjuyawar zuwa kwararar ruwa na yau da kullun.

INungiyar INC tana da inganci wajen aiwatar da aikin haƙawa ta hanyar gudanar da bincike, gwaji, kimantawa, da lura da aikin da kanta. Injinin INC, gudanarwa, bincike da kuma aikin dredging duk suna cikin mintuna kaɗan da juna. Tasirin kuɗaɗen da ke ba da damar kafa cibiyoyin ya kasance a can tare da sama da ganga miliyan 700 na ɗanyen mai da ake jigilar ta tashar Maracaibo duk shekara, gami da sama da tankar 3,500 da ke shiga tafkin, ko kuma ƙetare 7,000 na tashar.

INC ta gabatar da misali ga sauran manyan tashoshin jiragen ruwa da za a yi la’akari da su kasancewar tana da samfurin hydraulic din ta da ma’aikatan injiniya a kusanci zuwa tashar a wadannan shari’o’in inda ake samun ci gaba mai inganci da ingancin aiki. Tare da girmamawa kan tasirin ƙazantawa da damuwa don maimaitawa don sauya halayyar tashar jiragen ruwa, raƙuman ruwa, da igiyoyin zamani, ba da shawara ya fi ko da. Cibiyar Kula da Ruwa ta Venezuelan (INC) ta cancanci girmamawa ta musamman ga abubuwan da ta cimma a cikin ci gaba da inganta fasahar a Maracaibo.

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