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Hana ʻO India i ka Ellicott Dredges no ka hoʻokele waipū a me ka hana hana Port (1961)

ʻO ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi kahawai liʻiliʻi ma nā awa liʻiliʻi i India, kahi e hoʻopili nui ai i ka holomua o ka hoʻokele waiwai o ka lāhui e lawe ʻia e nā dredges Ellicott.

ʻElua o kēia mau anakahi, 12-ʻīniha pipeline hydraulic pipeline o ko Ellicott papa lawe “DRAGON”, i kūʻai ʻia e ke aupuni Jammu a me Kashmir. Pili ʻia lākou i kahi papahana kaohi wai ma ka muliwai ʻo Jalhlum.

ʻO kēia kahawai, e kahe ana ma ke awāwa ʻo Srinigar ma Kashmir, nā kahawai e pili kokoke ana i nā wahi mahiʻai i kēlā me kēia makahiki, e holoi ana i nā mea kanu a waiho home ʻole i nā poʻe he nui. Hoʻokumu ʻia ke kaiāulu e ka hoʻoulu ʻana, i nā makahiki i hala, o ke kiʻekiʻe o ka moena muliwai i hiki ʻole ai i ka Jahlum ke mālama i ka nui o ka wai e kahe ana i loko o kēlā me kēia puna i ka wā e hoʻoheheʻe ai nā hau o nā Himalaya a puni. Hoʻopili hou ʻia kēia ʻano e kekahi mau kahawai e lawe ana i ka wai hau hou a me ka silt mai nā puʻu kokoke i ka Ijlum.

Ua hoʻopau ʻia nā kūkā kamaʻilio e ka luna ʻae a Ellicott iā Blackwood Hodge (India) Pvt. Ltd. a me nā "DRAGONS," i hana ʻāpana ʻia ma India e ka mea laikini a Ellicott, The Hooghly Docking and Engineering Company o Howrah. Hoʻonoho ʻia lākou i ka hana e hoʻonui a hoʻonui i kahi kahawai kūwaho 17 mile a hiki i kahi moe o 400-450 kapuaʻi a me kahi hohonu ma kahi o 22 kapuaʻi ma lalo o ka wai kiʻekiʻe. ʻO kēia kahawai e hoʻoheheʻe ʻia, kahi i manaʻo ʻia e lawa i ka wai hau hoʻoheheʻe kau o ke kau, e hoʻopili ʻia ma waena o 8 a 10 miliona mau cubic yard o nā paʻa, ʻokoʻa i ke ʻano mai ke one muliwai ākea i ka pālolo pālolo a me nā ʻiliʻili liʻiliʻi.

Ke hana nei nā dredges ʻelua. Hoʻomaka ka hana mua ma hope o nā hana komisina i hoʻohanohano ʻia e ke alo o ke Kuhina Nui Jawaharlal Nehru. Loaʻa iā lākou ka hohonu o ka ʻeli ʻana o 26 kapuaʻi, kahi huahana i hoʻonui ʻia ma kahi o 250 mau cubic yard i kēlā me kēia hola a hiki ke pauma ma o nā paipu e ʻokoʻa ana i ka lōʻihi a i 3,000 kapuaʻi

ʻO ka lawena o nā dredges, i ʻinikua ʻia e kā lākou kūkulu ʻāpana matchmarked, i hōʻike maikaʻi ʻia i kā lākou lawe ʻana. Ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻole o nā kamaʻilio kaʻaahi mai Pathankote a hiki i ka wahi dredging ma Buramulla, kokoke i Srinigar, ke keʻena nui o Kashmir, pono e lawe iā lākou ma ke kalaka ma kahi o 300 mau mile o nā ala kuahiwi a wili hoʻi. E noʻonoʻo pono ʻia nā ala ākea a me nā alahaka i ke kaupaona kaumaha a me ka laulā o nā halihali kalaka. Eia nō naʻe, hiki i ka hoʻolālā sectionalized dredges ke hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia nā pilikia o ka lawe ʻana a hoʻoneʻe ʻia nā mea ʻeli e lana nei i kahi kahua o ka hana me ka ʻoluʻolu.

Palapala hana liʻiliʻi

ʻO ka hoʻomohala nui ʻelua e pili ana i nā dredges ʻo Ellicott ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i nā helu o Minor Ports ma kahakai hikina a me komohana o India, ko lākou pono e kaupalena ʻia e ka puʻu o nā one komo i komo i lalo a me nā kuha ma nā puka komo. No ke kūleʻa ʻana i kēia mau hoʻokele hoʻokele, ua kauoha ʻia he ʻelua mau 22-ʻīniha ʻo Ellicott i hoʻolālā ʻia iho, a ua kauoha ʻia nā ʻalekope pipili hapa-uila pipeline. E hana ʻāpana ʻia nō hoʻi ma ʻInia e "Hooghly," ua pūlima ʻia ka ʻaelike no lākou ma waena o Ellicott a me ka India Supply Mission ma Wakinekona.

ʻO kēia mau ʻāpana ʻelua e hana i ka nukleus o kahi loko wai dredge i hoʻokumu ʻia e ke Aupuni o India, Ministry of Transport a e hoʻokumu ʻia ma nā awa o Bombay a me Visakhaptnam. Ma muli o ka dredging e koi ai i ke kai ākea, ma luna o nā one one a me nā kahawai komo i waho i hoʻolālā ʻokoʻa ʻia e like me ka holo ʻana o ke kai a me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana iā ia iho.

ʻO nā awa liʻiliʻi, ma kahakai ʻo 3,000 mile o India, lawelawe i mau miliona o nā ukana o ka ukana i kēlā me kēia makahiki e like me ka waiwai nui o ka hao hao kiʻekiʻe, manganese, tī, pulupulu, paʻakai, bauxite, ʻili a me mica. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa mau i ka ʻae ʻana e ʻae i nā moku o ke kikoʻī kūpono e komo i nā awa no ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā mea hoʻolilo he mea nui i ka hoʻomau a me ka hoʻonui ʻana o kā India kalepa kūwaho. E hāʻawi waiwai kēia mau dredges i ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia pahuhopu.

Nā Māhele Nūhou Nūhou a me nā Nānā