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ʻO Jammu a me Kashmir: ʻO Ellicott Dredgers i kūleʻa i ka hōʻoia ʻia ma ka muliwai Jhelum

Ua hoʻāʻo ʻia nā ʻelua kākela o ka ʻāina i hana ʻia ma United States i ke kahawai ʻo Jhelum, kahi kī ʻana e hoʻopukapuka ana i ka hoʻokū ʻana i ka papahana mālama i ke ola o ke awāwa i hoʻomāhewa ʻia e ka ʻikepā nui a me nā haumia i nā mau makahiki i hala.

Ua ʻōlelo aku nā luna e hoʻokumu ʻia e ka Jhelum Conservation Project e ka Kuhina Kuhina nui Omar Abdullah mai ke kahui ʻo Baramulla wahi a Kashmir ma kahi o kēia mahina e hala nei. Ua kūkulu ʻia nā dredger e ʻelua e ʻO ka Ellicott Dredges e pili pū ana i ka US-One o nā mea hana kahiko o ka ʻike waiwai.

ʻO ka mea maoli, ua hāʻawi ʻo Ellicott Dredges i ka dredger mua no ka mālama ʻana iā Jhelum ma 1960. Ua hana ʻo ka dredger ma ke Kuhina Nui ʻo Jawahar Lal Nehru i kēlā manawa.

Kūpono mai Verinag ma ke kūkulu hema Kashmir, ua hoʻopili ʻia ʻo Jhelum e ʻehā mau kahawai, ʻo Sundran, Brang, Arapath a me Lidder ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o Kashmir's Islamabad (Anantnag). Ma waho aʻe o nā kahawai, ʻo nā wai liʻiliʻi e like me Veshara a me Rambiara e hānai ai i ka wai me nā wai hou.

ʻO Jhelum meanders ma ke ala ʻoki mai ka Hema a hiki i North Kashmir a noho i Wullar, kahi moana wai nui loa o Asia, ma mua o ka ninini ʻana iā Pakistan e mālama iā Kashmir ma o Baramulla. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo nā loea i ka pōʻino o ka waikahe ma 1959 i hōʻeha aku i ka hopena o ka wai i ka Jhelum ma muli o ke kahe mai Wullar Lake i ke komohana Kashmir ka mea i kiki ʻia e ka hōʻuluʻulu nui ʻana o ka silt a me ka hoʻopihapiha.

"No nā makahiki he ʻekolu i hala iho nei, ʻaʻohe mea i dredging i hana ʻia ma Jhelum. Ua hōʻeha kēia ma muli o ka lawe mau ʻana ma muli o ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana o ka silt i ka mea nui ma Baramulla. Ma hope o nā hana hectic, ua loaʻa iā mākou nā mīkini hou mai US no ka hana dredging e hoʻohana pono ana i ka papahana mālama Jhelum.Luna Nui Engineer Irrigation a me nā hoʻokele wai, Muzaffar Ahmad Lanker haʻi iā Greater Kashmir.

Hoʻolahalaha ʻia ma ke kumu kūʻai o nā ʻāpana lawaiʻa o Rs 12, ʻo ka dredgers i kapa ʻia ʻo Soya II a me Budshah II i hoʻolālā ʻia e hana i ka hana hohonu. "Ua ho'āʻo maikaʻi ʻia nā mīkini i Jhelum ma ke kī Kashmir a e hōʻā ʻia lākou e ka CM ma hope aʻe o kēia mahina. Ke hoʻohana nei mākou i nā kumuwaiwai e hiki ai ke mālama iā Jhelum.Wahi a Lanker.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hele nei nā hoʻomaʻemaʻe o nā kahawai wai e hele ana ma ke ʻano kaua e hōʻemi i ka hoʻoweliweli ʻana o ka waipuna i nā hōʻina. "Eia naʻe, ke kuhi nui ʻana ma ke kahe hala o ka Jhelum i loko o ke kahawai o Pohru Nallah i Baramulla. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā ʻāpana dredger no ka lawe ʻana i ka hana Herculean. Hoʻolālā mākou e hoʻoheheʻe i 36 lakh cubic mita silt mai ka pihi e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i waho o Jhelum,Wahi a Lanker.

Ua ʻōlelo nā luna i ka wā ʻo J&K Kuhina Nui Bakshi Ghulam Muhammad i ka hopena o 50 mau makahiki ua hele aku i ke Aupuni o India e ʻimi i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka ʻenekinia i ka pilikia. Ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a ka poʻe loea o ka Komisina Wai Waena, ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi papahana kumumanaʻo no nā hana dredging o Jhelum mai Wullar a Khadanyar.

Hoʻomoe ka papahana i ka hohonu a me ka pālahalaha ʻana o Jhelum mai Ningli i Sheeri e nā mea hoʻokani manu. Akā, i kēlā manawa, ʻaʻole i hana ʻia nā dredger a mākaukau maʻalahi ma India. Ua ʻōlelo aku ʻo nā luna, no ka hoʻopiʻi pilikino ʻia ʻana o ke Kuhina Nui ʻo Jawahar Lal Nehru i kūʻai ʻia nā mea kuke."Akā, ke hoʻomau nei ka hana dredging a hiki wale i 1986. Ua kāpae ʻia no ka nele o nā lako kūpono a me nā lako lako. Mai ia manawa mai i hiki mai ai nā tonika o ka hoʻoilo ʻana ma Jhelum ma muli o ka pohō nui ʻana o kāna mau hopu. ʻO kēia ke hōʻemi nei i nā kaila hele o nā kahe wai o ka hoʻopuka wai ʻana o Jhelum a me kāna kahe e lawe ana i nā mana mai 35000 cusecs ma 1975 a 20000 cusecs i kēia manawa,"Ua ʻōlelo nō nā luna.

ʻO ka 'Oihana Hoʻolālā a me nā Kaheʻe Waʻa i loko o 2009 ka mea i hoʻouna ʻia i ka papahana ʻoihana Rs 2000 i ka Kuhina Waiwai no ka hoʻopaʻi ʻia. Hāpai ka papa hana i nā hana hana hou e pili ana i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana o ka hana ʻana o Jhelum i hala, nā pale a me nā hana anti-erosion ka nui a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka hana hydraulic.

Akā, ua ʻae ʻo ka Māhele i kekahi hapa wale nō o ka pāhana e uku ana i nā hana ʻai Rs 97 e hoʻomaʻamaʻa koke i ke komo ʻana i loko o ka wā e loaʻa ai nā mīkini a me ka lawe ʻana i Jhelum, ka mea nui o kona kahawai wai ma Srinagar a me nā kahawai wai ma Daubgah a me Ningli i Baramulla.

"Lana ka manaʻo e loaʻa hou ke kālā ma hope koke. Ua hoʻomaka pū mākou i ka hana no ka hoʻolako ʻana i ka moku kai o loko mai Sonwar a i Chattabal. I ka lua o nā hana, e hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā hana like mai Khanabal a i Pampore, "Wahi a Lanker.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Lankar, ʻo ke kūkulu hou ʻana o ka Chattabal Weir i ka Srinagar kahiko e kōkua i ka hoʻomau ʻana i ka wai kūlohelohe o ka Jhelum mai Islamabad a hiki i Srinagar, a hoʻāla i ka kahe o kona mau kime kīnā ʻo Sonar Kul lāua ʻo Kuta Kul.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i nā ʻikepili āpau e pili ana i ka hana a me ke ana o ka wai, ka wai hoʻoneʻe a me ke kumu lawe ʻo Jhelum no ka makahiki 50 i hala. "Hoʻomaopopo mākou i ka hoʻihoʻi hou i ka nani pristine o Jhelum. Inā hele nā ​​mea a pau e like me ka hoʻolālā, ma nā makahiki he hiki aʻe e nui ana ka holomua ma ke ʻano o Jhelum, ”I ʻōlelo mai ʻo Lanker.

Mai hou ʻia Nui ʻO Kashmir

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