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ʻO Jammu lāua ʻo Kashmir: Hoʻolālā ʻO Jhelum Kahawai ma ka ʻaoʻao kūpono

Ua hoʻomaka kahi papahana hoʻomehana e hoʻopakele i ke kahawai o Kashmir o ke kaila o Jhelum ma nā hopena maikaʻi me ka Jammu a me Kashmir aupuni e mālama ana i ka hoʻoweliweli ʻana o ka wai i hoʻopuka ʻia e nā wai kūlohelohe hou i waiho ʻia ma muli o nā hana hoʻomau e mālama ʻia ma ka muliwai ma Kashmir.

ʻO Jhelum he kumu kumu nui o ka huhū i ke awāwa i make ʻia e ka siltation nui i nā minuke i hala. I ka nele ʻana o kekahi hana mālama, ua pau ka mana o ke kahawai a alakaʻi i ka pani ʻana i kona kahawai kaohi wai ma Baramulla, e kīnā ana i ke kahe o ke kahe wai o ke awāwa.

Ma hope o nā makahiki he iwakālua o ka lohi ʻana, ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka papahana ʻo Jhelum Conservation e ka Kuhina Nui, ʻo Omar Abdullah, mai ka ʻākau ʻo Kashmir's Baramulla ma mua o kēia makahiki. Loaʻa i nā hana mālama e hoʻoikaika nui ʻia ma hope o ka hoʻoili ʻana o ke aupuni i ʻelua mau moku kālai ʻāina i hana ʻia ma United States no ka hana ʻana i ka hana hoʻoheheʻe.

"ʻO ka hana ma ka mālama mālama ʻana ma Jhelum ma ka moku Baramulla ua kūleʻa a hiki iā mākou ke pale aku i ka hoʻoweliweli ʻōwili ʻana. Ma ka hana mau ʻana i lawe ai mākou i nā poli i loko o ka muliwai ma Baramulla a nui ka piʻi ʻana o ka wai ʻauamo,ʻO Taj Moises-ud-Din, Kuhina no ka Irrigation a me ka hoʻokele waʻa i haʻi aku iā Greater Kashmir.

Kūpono mai Verinag ma ke kūkulu hema Kashmir, ua hoʻopili ʻia ʻo Jhelum e ʻehā mau kahawai, ʻo Sundran, Brang, Arapath a me Lidder ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o Kashmir's Islamabad (Anantnag). Ma waho aʻe o nā kahawai, ʻo nā wai liʻiliʻi e like me Veshara a me Rambiara e hānai ai i ka wai me nā wai hou.

ʻO Jhelum meanders ma ke ala ʻoki mai ka Hema a hiki i North Kashmir a noho i Wullar, kahi moana wai nui loa o Asia, ma mua o ka ninini ʻana iā Pakistan e mālama iā Kashmir ma o Baramulla. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo nā loea i ka pōʻino o ka waikahe ma 1959 i hōʻeha aku i ka hopena o ka wai i ka Jhelum ma muli o ke kahe mai Wullar Lake i ke komohana Kashmir ka mea i kiki ʻia e ka hōʻuluʻulu nui ʻana o ka silt a me ka hoʻopihapiha.

"Ua hoʻokaʻawale mākou i nā ʻanuʻu silt i ke kahe alana. Mālama ʻo Jhelum Conservation Project ʻoiai ke kūʻai ʻana i ka silt i loaʻa i ke Aupuni ma luna o nā moni he ʻelua i nā mahina i hala aku nei. E hoʻohana mākou i kēia kālā i ka mālama mālama lōʻihi i ka muliwai."ʻ saidlelo aku ʻo Taj me ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā dredger ʻelua e hana ai ʻo US no ka hoʻāʻo ʻana.

Ua kūkulu ʻia ka dredger e ka US-hoʻokumu ʻia Kāleʻa Ellicott-One o nā mea hana kahiko o ka ʻike waiwai. ʻO ka mea maoli, ua hāʻawi ʻo Ellicott Dredges i ka dredger mua no ka mālama ʻana iā Jhelum ma 1960. Ua hana ʻo ka dredger ma ke Kuhina Nui ʻo Jawahar Lal Nehru i kēlā manawa.

Hoʻolahalaha ʻia ma ke kumu kūʻai o nā ʻāpana lawaiʻa o Rs 12, ʻo ka dredgers i kapa ʻia ʻo Soya II a me Budshah II i hoʻolālā ʻia e hana i ka lawena hohonu. ʻO Aijaz Rasool o ke kumu ʻelele KEC Mumbai o Ellicot Dredges ma India, wahi a ke kī hōʻele ʻana e hana nei i Janbazpora a me Juhama i Baramulla.

“Ma ka hoʻokau mau ʻana i kēia mau wahi i hiki ai iā mākou ke pale aku i hoʻokahi haneli mau makahiki o nā kahe ʻana o ke kahe i loko o ke awāwa. Akā ʻaʻole naʻe i hiki i kēia me ka mea lawe ʻole. ua hoʻopili akuʻo ia.

Ua ʻōlelo aku nā limahana i ka wā o ke kuhina nui o Jammu lāua ʻo Kashmir Bakshi Ghulam Muhammad i ka hopena o ka 50 i neʻe i ke Aupuni India e ʻimi ai i ka ʻōlelo aʻo loea a me ka ʻenehana i ka pilikia. Ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a nā poʻe loea i ke Komisina Waiwai Pūnaewele, hoʻolālā ʻia kahi Puka Manaʻo no ka hana kue ʻana i Jhelum mai Wullar a i Khadanyar.

Hoʻomoe ka papahana i ka hohonu a me ka pālahalaha ʻana o Jhelum mai Ningli i Sheeri e nā mea hoʻokani manu. Akā, i kēlā manawa, ʻaʻole i hana ʻia nā dredger a mākaukau maʻalahi ma India. Ua ʻōlelo aku ʻo nā luna, no ka hoʻopiʻi pilikino ʻia ʻana o ke Kuhina Nui ʻo Jawahar Lal Nehru i kūʻai ʻia nā mea kuke.

"Akā, ke hoʻomau nei ka hana dredging a hiki wale i 1986. Ua kāpae ʻia no ka nele o nā lako kūpono a me nā lako lako. Mai ia manawa mai i hiki mai ai nā tonika o ka hoʻoilo ʻana ma Jhelum ma muli o ka pohō nui ʻana o kāna mau hopu. ʻO kēia ke hōʻemi nei i nā kaila hele o nā kahe wai o ka hoʻopuka wai ʻana o Jhelum a me kāna kahe e lawe ana i nā mana mai 35000 cusecs ma 1975 a 20000 cusecs i kēia manawa,"Ua ʻōlelo nō nā luna.

ʻO ka 'Oihana Hoʻolālā a me nā Kaheʻe Waʻa i loko o 2009 ka mea i hoʻouna ʻia i ka papahana ʻoihana Rs 2000 i ka Kuhina Waiwai no ka hoʻopaʻi ʻia. Hāpai ka papa hana i nā hana hana hou e pili ana i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana o ka hana ʻana o Jhelum i hala, nā pale a me nā hana anti-erosion ka nui a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka hana hydraulic.

Akā, ua ʻae ʻo ka Māhele i kekahi hapa wale nō o ka pāhana e uku ana i nā hana ʻai Rs 97 e hoʻomaʻamaʻa koke i ke komo ʻana i loko o ka wā e loaʻa ai nā mīkini a me ka lawe ʻana i Jhelum, ka mea nui o kona kahawai wai ma Srinagar a me nā kahawai wai ma Daubgah a me Ningli i Baramulla.

Ua ʻōlelo aku ʻo Taj, ua hoʻopili ʻia nā ʻikepili a pau e pili ana i ka hana huakaʻi a i waho o ka wai, nā ana wai a me nā lawe a Jhelum no ka 50 mau makahiki i hala.

"Ua hana nō hoʻi mākou i ka inu kuʻina o nā kahawai wai hōʻeuʻeu ma Srinagar a me nā wahi e hoʻopiʻi ʻia ai mai ka hoʻokele ʻana mai Sonwar a i Old City. Ma hope o ka pau ʻana o ka hana kolo ʻana, ua hoʻolālā pū mākou no ke wehe ʻana i nā hoʻopukapuka ʻana ma luna o nā kahawai kahawai mai Islamabad a hiki i Baramulla. I nā makahiki he nui, e hoʻihoʻi ʻia ʻo Jhelum i kona nani nani, ” Hoʻohui a Taj.

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