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UJammu noKashmir: Kuhlolwa ngempumelelo i-Ellicott Dredger eMfu Jhelum

Izimboni ezimbili ezisezingeni eliphakeme zakhiqizwa eMelika zivivinywe ngempumelelo emfuleni iJhelum, kwacekelwa phansi izindiza zokuqalisa iphrojekthi yokulondolozwa komthombo wesigodi okonakaliswe ukusikeka okukhulu nokungcoliswa kwamashumi eminyaka edlule.

Iziphathimandla zithi iJhelum Conservation Project izokwethulwa nguNgqongqoshe Omkhulu u-Omar Abdullah ovela esifundeni saseBaramulla esenyakatho ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Ama-dredger amabili akhiqizwe Ama-Ellicott Dredges asuselwa e-US-Umunye wabakhiqizi abadala kakhulu bezinto zokuhlobisa.

Ngeshwa, i-Ellicott Dredges iye yanikela nge-dredger yokuqala yokulondolozwa kweJhelum e1960. I-dredger yathathwa nguNdunankulu ngaleso sikhathi uJawahar Lal Nehru.

Ukusuka eVerinag eningizimu yeKashmir, iJhelum ihlanganiswa nemifudlana emine, iSundran, iBrang, i-Arapath neLidder eningizimu nesifunda saseKashmir's Islamabad (Anantnag). Ngaphandle kwalokho, imifudlana emincane efana neVeshara neRambiara nayo isuthisa umfula ngamanzi amasha.

I-Jhelum meanders ngendlela enenyoka ukusuka eSouth kuya eNyakatho Kashmir futhi ihlala eWullar, echibini lamanzi amakhulu amnandi kakhulu e-Asia, ngaphambi kokuthulula ePakistan kulawulwa iKashmir ngokusebenzisa iBaramulla. Ochwepheshe bathi isikhukhula esidabukisayo esise-1959 sidale imiphumela yasemanzini eJhelum ngenxa yokuphuma kancane kweWullar Lake enyakatho yeKashmir okucishe kwaxoshwa ngokuqolwa okuningilizayo kwesiteshi esikhulu esincishisiwe.

"Eminyakeni ecishe ibe ngamashumi amathathu edlule, akukabhalwa phansi eJhelum. Lokhu kuholele ekulahlekelweni ngumthamo wayo wokutholwa ngenxa yokuqongelela isalt esindayo ikakhulukazi eBaramulla. Ngemuva kwemizamo yokuxakeka, sithenge imishini yakamuva evela e-US yokusebenza kabusha okuyingxenye ebalulekile yephrojekthi yokulondolozwa kweJhelum,Umphathi Omkhulu Wokunisela Nokulawula Izikhukhula, uMuzaffar Ahmad Lanker utshele uGreater Kashmir.

Kutholakale ngentengo yama-Rs 12 crores, ama-dredger aqanjwe ngo-Soya II no-Budshah II aklanyelwe ukwenza ukudana okujulile. “Le mishini ihlolwe ngempumelelo eJhelum enyakatho neKashmir futhi izokhonjiswa abakwa-CM kungekudala kule nyanga. Sisebenzisa yonke insiza engenzeka ukulondolozwa kweJhelum,”Kusho uLanker.

Uthe ukuhlanzwa kweziteshi zezikhukhula kuqhubekela phambili ezimpini ukuze kuncishiswe usongo lwezikhukhula ehlobo. “Kodwa-ke, isithiyo esikhulu ekuhambeni kahle kweJhelum esiteshini esiphuma ePohru Nallah eBaramulla. Ama-dredger aklanyelwe ukwenza umsebenzi weHerculean. Sihlela ukukhipha ama-36 lakh cubic metres we-silt kusuka ekunwetshweni ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukuphuma kweJhelum,”Kusho uLanker.

Izikhulu zithi uNdunankulu wangaleso sikhathi we-J & K u-Bakshi Ghulam Muhammad ngasekupheleni kweminyaka yama-50s uye waya kuHulumeni wase-India ukuyofuna izeluleko zochwepheshe kanye nekhambi lobunjiniyela kule nkinga. Ngaphansi kokuholwa ngongoti beCentral Water Commission, kwahlelwa i-Master Plan yokwenziwa kabusha kwemisebenzi kaJhelum kusuka eWullar kuya eKhadanyar.

Le phrojekthi ibicabanga ukujula nokwandiswa kweJhelum kusuka eSingli kuya eSheeri ngabakwa-mered dredger. Kodwa-ke ngaleso sikhathi, ama-dredger ayengekenziwa noma atholakale kalula eNdiya. Iziphathimandla zithi kungenxa yokugenelela komuntu siqu kukaNdunankulu ngaleso sikhathi uJawahar Lal Nehru ukuthi abathengisi ababethembekile bathengwa."Kodwa-ke, ukusebenza kwe-dredging kuqhubeke kuze kufike ku-1986. Imiswe okwesikhashana ngenxa yokuntuleka kwezinsiza ezanele nezindawo zokusekelayo. Kusukela ngaleso sikhathi amathani okugcotshwa kwe-silt kwenzeke eJhelum ngenxa yokuwohloka okusheshayo kwezindawo ezabanjwa kuzo. Lokhu kunciphise ukusebenza kwezikhukhula ngokufana kwesiteshi sikaJhelum nokukhokhisa kwawo umthamo osuka kuma-35000 cusecs e-1975 kuya kuma-cusecs we-20000 njengamanje,"Kusho izikhulu.

UMnyango Wokulawula Ukunkanisa kanye Nezikhukhula e2009 uthumele iphrojekthi ye-Rs 2000 crore eMnyangweni Wezemithombo Yamanzi ukuze kutholwe unswinyo. Le phrojekthi ifaka phakathi imisebenzi eminingi yokubuyiselwa komhlaba okubandakanya ukwenziwa ngcono kokudalwa kukaJhelum okukhona kweziteshi eziphumayo, ukuvikelwa nokusebenza kokulwa kokuguguleka komhlaba kanye nokukhulisa ukusebenza kahle kwe-hydraulic.

Kodwa-ke, uMnyango uvume kuphela ingxenye yephrojekthi ebiza ama-Rs 97 crores ukwenza lula ukungenelela okusheshayo kubandakanya ukutholwa kwemishini nokushiswa eJhelum, ikakhulukazi eziteshini zayo zokuchitheka kwezikhukhula eSrinagar kanye nokuphuma kwezikhukhula eDaubgah naseNangli eBaramulla.

"Siyethemba ukuthola imali eningi maduze. Siqale umsebenzi kanyekanye ukwenza lula ukuthuthwa kwamanzi okusuka ezweni kusuka eSonwar kuya eChattabal. Esigabeni sesibili, kuzokwethulwa ukusebenza okufanayo kusuka eKhanabal kuya ePampore, ”Kusho uLanker.

ULankar uthe ukwakhiwa kabusha kweChattabal Weir yakudala iSrinagar kuzosiza ukugcina izinga lamanzi njalo eJhelum lisuka e-Islamabad liye eSrinagar futhi liphakamise ukuhamba kweziteshi zalo ezifaka uSonar Kul noKuta Kul.

Uthe yonke imininingwane emayelana namazinga wokuphuza nokuphuma kwabantu, i-gauge yezikhukhula kanye namandla ethwala iJhelum kule minyaka edlule ye-50. “Sizibophezele ukubuyisela inkazimulo ye-Jhelum. Uma konke kuhamba ngokwecebo, eminyakeni embalwa ezayo kuzoba ngcono kakhulu isimo sikaJhelum, "Kusho uLanker.

Kuphrintiwe kusuka IGreater Kashmir

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